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The MMA Report Podcast: August 17, 2016 – The MMA Report
Grappling, throws and softness
Aikido School of thought
Aikido technique is considered one of harmony or blending and so little body power is needed.
Aikido also stresses the concept of the ‘centreline’ which extends via the top-centre of the head, down your entire body and equally bisecting it. The centreline is significant in aikido because most of one’s key areas like the face, throat, solar plexus and genitals fall down across the centreline.
The principle of harmony would be that, rather than heading towards your attacker’s strength, you progress relative to the attack, possibly around it or perhaps to refocus it around you.
A second principle of Aikido is what I have named the ‘principle of illusion’. A student would give the opponent the illusion and assurance that the move will definitely go as planned. Therefore the assailant will not hold back and unwittingly plays straight into Aikido’s strength. The student can then select entering or turning techniques to blend with the assailant and complete the strategy with a throw or joint lock.
A good stance and excellent balance is emphasised in Aikido. The forward foot is pointing ahead and then the back foot about 90 degrees to the front foot making a triangular stance. Weight should be distributed over the whole surface of your feet which should be level on the surface to form a sound stance. This unique Aikido stance provides two primary reasons. Firstly it lessens the target area against an attacker when compared with facing an opponent square on. Secondly it allows simpler side step to prevent and move around an attack. The back should remain as straight as possible for steadiness.
Aikido Motion and Foot work
The idea in Aikido of sliding and remaining more attached to the surface will make it tough to force over and push a student on to the ground. This is done by means of body weight distribution mentioned above and motion that will come from the hips rather than the legs or feet.
Aikido also makes use of body movement to blend with regards to the assailant. It is no surprise in that case that there are various turning and pivoting moves such as straight line entering movements, circular move and pivoting movement of which they’re either directed in, on the outside, the front, sideways or back from the aggressor. Therefore, out of less than twenty primary techniques, there is a multitude of implementations.
Defensive Aikido techniques for the most part comprise of throws and pins. Beginners firstly master fundamental skills in advance of freestyle defence from an array of assailants or weaponry techniques are taught. The following are examples of the fundamental or commonly taught throws and pins.
Please note while the list may appear vast for a novice (just as with other martial art styles), the aim is to give you a very general notion of the Aikido techniques applied (they are not taught or practiced in any universal order).
Technique 1: a manipulation making use of one hand around the elbow and the other hand close to the wrist that drops the opponent to the floor.
Technique 2: a pronating wristlock that torques the arm and applies agonizing nerve tension.
Technique 3: a rotational wristlock which directs upward-spiralling tension throughout the arm, elbow and shoulder.
Technique 4: a shoulder manipulation akin to technique 1 however with both your hands gripping the forearm. The knuckles (via the palm side) are occasionally put on the recipient’s radial nerve up against the periosteal of the forearm bone.
Technique 5: Looks visually akin to technique 1 but an inverted hold of the wrist, medial rotation of the arm and shoulder and with down force to the elbow. Typical in knife and other weapon take-downs.
Four-direction throw: The hand is folded back past shoulder, securing the shoulder joint.
Forearm return: a supinating wristlock-throw which will extend the extensor digitorum.
Breath throw: a freely utilised term for various types of mechanically unrelated techniques, while they frequently avoid the use of joint locks like other techniques.
Entering throw: throws in which you proceed through the space occupied by assailant.
Heaven-and-earth throw: forward moving, the pupil sweeps one hand low (“earth”) along with the other high (“heaven”), that will unbalances the attacker in order that they simply topple over.
Hip throw: aikido’s version of a hip throw.
Figure-ten throw or figure-ten entanglement: the throw that locks the arms against one another.
Rotary throw: the practitioner sweeps the arm back and locks the shoulder joint, then employs forward strain to throw.
Newbies may also be taught simple Aikido grabs to learn to follow the energy and also the lines of force of a hold. Here are examples of some basic grabs:
Single-hand grab – one hand holds one wrist.
Both-hands grab – both hands get hold of one wrist.
Both-hands grab – both of your hands take hold of both wrists.
Shoulder grab – a shoulder grab. It is sometimes coupled with an overhead strike.
Chest grab – taking hold of the (clothing of) chest.
Aikido techniques are designed to potentially cause serious damage to an attacker. This is why self-defence, without causing considerable harm, is emphasised. Attacking hits for example hits to the body, in contrast to self-defensive turning of a joint, strangleholds, holding techniques and throws is a controversial topic in Aikido. Numerous practitioners believe that Aikido’s peaceful purpose is lost whenever attacks are utilized. Other people see no contradiction in employing hits for self-defence. Quite a few nonetheless, who have also worked to keep the martial ethics of the art, know that a highly trained and serious enemy may inevitable overcome Aikido techniques if there are no utilization of punching tactics. Therefore, it’s generally recognized that the use of attacks in this way, to protect against a professional and motivated adversary, is normally regarded the choice of last resort.
Strikes and grabs are typically employed around crucial areas of the body. They can be used as feints, to divert or unsettle an attacker to allow the use of a different technique.
Fundamental strikes include:
Front-of-the-head strike – a chop towards the head. A lot more lethal variations of the strike concentrate on the bridge of a nose and the maxillary sinus.
Side-of-the-head strike – a diagonal chop sideways on the head or neck.
Chest thrust – a punch or open palm (classically used to cause no harm to the assailant) to your torso. Particular targets range from the chest, abdomen and solar plexus.
Face thrust – a punch or open palm to your face normally under the chin.
Weapons in aikido training consist of the short staff, wooden sword and knife. Today, some classes include firearm-disarming techniques.
There are both physical and mental components of training in Aikido which includes controlled breathing, meditation, flexibility and staying power. As mentioned earlier there will be significantly less focus on strength training because pushing or extending movements tend to be used more rather than pulling or contracting moves.
The mental facet of Aikido training emphasises a chance to unwind your body and mind in unfamiliar and harmful scenarios. It’s necessary for the practitioner to generally be instilled with all the self-belief and attitude to perform the bold entering and turning movements which underlie the foundations behind aikido techniques.
A considerable area of any aikido curriculum consists of throws. A newcomer will discover ways to safely fall or roll to ensure he could join forces with a partner to get familiar with pre-arranged forms regarded as necessary to aikido training. During the forms the attacker works to blend with and control attacking energy and place the receiver/defensive player in off-balancing positions. And the receiver/defender of the technique learns to be calm and versatile to regain balance, cover up vulnerabilities and also pin or throw the opponent. The point is to conceptualise space and motion with regards to each other.
As a practitioner advances Aikido freestyle training vs. several assailants is practiced.
Aikido Katas & Forms
In most styles of aikido, kata as a group of prearranged techniques is not used as the key training method. Rather kata training ought to exist side-by-side with free-style training.
Kata’s were also designed to demonstrate certain techniques that would not be safe to utilize in freestyle training.
Aikido practitioners typically develop by a number of as many as seven degrees (dan) each one obtained by way of a number of up to five “grades”. Various aikido establishments make use of belts to distinguish pupil grades. Typically just black and white belts are employed to separate lower and higher grades, though some use different belt colours.
Perhaps the most common complaint of Aikido is that the freestyle training looks staged. The counter argument is the attackers being thrown into the air are trained to make use of a technique of enabling themselves be thrown in order to avoid damage. Resisting the throws, which the inexperienced might do, versus moving with it would bring about serious muscle tissue rip or maybe a broken bone.
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